Six of the species living in and around the Lepenitsa Cave have a priority conservation status for all Europe: the greater and lesser horseshoe bats, the western Barbastelle bat, the greater and lesser mouse-eared bats and the Geoffroy’s bat. Therefore Lepenitsa Cave can be regarded as an important roost for the conservation of the bat populations in the region.
Lepenitsa Cave serves as a roost for a total of 7 species of bats living in the cave in different seasons of the year:
- Greater horseshoe bat – Rhinolophus ferrumequinum
- Lesser horseshoe bat – Rhinolophus hipposideros
- Greater mouse-eared bat – Myotis myotis
- Lesser mouse-eared bats – Myotis blythii
- Geoffroy’s bat – Myotis emarginatus
- Western Barbastelle bat – Barbastella barbastellus
- Grey long-eared bat – Plecotus austriacus
Bulgaria boasts 33 out of the 35 bat species which are found in Europe. All bats in the country are under the protection of the national Biodiversity Act!